Minerals - Introduction

When we speak of minerals in connection with the nutrition of the human body, we are referring to the elements of which this planet is composed. Hydrogen, elements #1, through bismuth, element #83, are stable and occur naturally on our planet with two exceptions. The exceptions are Technetium, element #43, and Promethium, element #61. These two elements have no stable isotopes, in other words they do not exist in nature. Elemenst #84 through element #92, are radioactive with half lives ranging from minutes to thousands of years.

The radioactive elements have some uses in modern medicine, but no known natural uses by the human body. Some of the elements such as hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen are the molecules from which all organic compunds are made. I will refer to these as the organic elements. These elements occur abundantly in the body. I will break the remainder down into the followingcategories. Macro-minerals are those which although not as common as the organic elements mentioned above are very common. These include elements such as sodium, magnesium, phosphorus, chlorine, potassium and calcium. Micro-minerals are those which we know play key roles in the body but are present in relatively small amounts. These include elements such as boron, vanadium, chromium, mnganese, iron, copper, zinc, bismuth and so forth. Mosty of the rest of the elements have no function which is known at this time. However, we do know from anumal research that some of the rare eath elements can double the life span of some laboratory animals. We know nothing about the mechanisms by which they operate.

Organic Elements

 

Macro-minerals

 

Micro-minerals or Trace Minerals